18 April 2007 Damage assessment of a two-span RC slab using wavelet analysis
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Abstract
A two-span RC slab that measures 6400mm×800mm×100mm with 3000mm spans and 200mm overhang on each end was tested to failure in the laboratory. UB sections were used as supports. The slab was designed according to the moment redistribution method with 11 N6 bars at 75mm centres for both positive and negative reinforcement. The slab was incrementally loaded at the middle of each span to different load levels to create crack damage using four-point loading. Twelve loading stages were performed with increasing maximum load level. Two load cells are used to record the static loads on left and right spans. The crack locations and lengths were monitored in addition to the displacement measurements. Four displacement transducers are located at two sides of the middle of each span to measure the deflection under the static load. Three sets of accelerometers with nine of them in each set are evenly distributed along the slab to measure the dynamic responses. The measured responses from the RC slab in different cracked damage states are analyzed using the wavelet transform (WT). The damping ratios and instantaneous frequency are extracted. The results show that the damping ratio and instantaneous frequency changes could be two good indicators of damage in the reinforced concrete structure.
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X. Q. Zhu, H. Hao, "Damage assessment of a two-span RC slab using wavelet analysis", Proc. SPIE 6523, Modeling, Signal Processing, and Control for Smart Structures 2007, 65230Y (18 April 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.713998; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.713998
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KEYWORDS
Wavelets

Wavelet transforms

Time-frequency analysis

Transducers

Modal analysis

Damage detection

Failure analysis

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