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6 April 2007 Macro-fiber composite piezoelectric rosettes for acoustic source location in complex structures
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An approach based upon the employment of piezoelectric transducer rosettes is proposed for passive damage or impact location in anisotropic or geometrically-complex structures. The rosettes are comprised of rectangular Macro-Fiber Composite (MFC) transducers which exhibit a highly directive response to ultrasonic guided waves. The MFC response to flexural (A0) motion is decomposed into axial and transverse sensitivity factors, which allow extraction of the direction of an incoming wave using rosette principles. The wave source location in a plane is then simply determined by intersecting the wave directions detected by two rosettes. The rosette approach is applicable to anisotropic or geometrically-complex structures where conventional time-of-flight source location is challenging due to the direction-dependent wave velocity. The performance of the rosettes for source location is validated through pencil-lead breaks performed on an aluminum plate, an anisotropic CFRP laminate, and a complex CFRP-honeycomb sandwich panel.
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Howard Matt and Francesco Lanza di Scalea "Macro-fiber composite piezoelectric rosettes for acoustic source location in complex structures", Proc. SPIE 6529, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2007, 65290Q (6 April 2007);

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