10 April 2007 Integration of traffic information in the structural health monitoring of highway bridges
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Abstract
Structural condition assessment of highway bridges is traditionally performed by visual inspections or nondestructive evaluation techniques, which are either slow, unreliable or detects only local flaws. Instrumentation of bridges with accelerometers and other sensors, however, can provide real-time data useful for monitoring the global structural conditions of the bridges due to ambient and forced excitations. Traditionally, videos are used for surveillance purposes and environmental monitoring of civil structures. In this paper the potential for the utilization of videos in an integrated structural health monitoring of highway bridges beyond the mentioned traditional applications are reported. Results obtained from the field tests, which were carried out on a short-span instrumented bridge, are presented. Videos of vehicles passing by, together with signals from laser beam sensors placed on the side of the bridge, were captured, and synchronized with data recordings from the accelerometers. For short-span highway bridges, vibration is predominantly due to traffic excitation. A stochastic model of traffic excitation on bridges is developed assuming that vehicles traversing a bridge (modeled as an elastic beam) form a sequence of Poisson process moving forces and that the contact force of a vehicle on the bridge deck can be converted to equivalent dynamic loads at the nodes of the beam elements. Basic information of vehicle types, arrival times and speeds are extracted from the video images to develop a physics-based simulation model of the traffic excitation. This modeling approach aims at circumventing a difficulty in the system identification of bridge structural parameters. Current practice of system identification of bridge parameters is often based on the measured response (or system output) only, and knowledge of the input (traffic excitation) is either unknown or assumed, making it difficult to obtain an accurate assessment of the state of the bridge structures. The effectiveness and viability of this video-assisted approach are demonstrated by the field results. Finally, a technique on how to integrate the weights of vehicles in the image processing algorithm is proposed.
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Chin An Tan, Chin An Tan, Demeke Beyene Ashebo, Demeke Beyene Ashebo, Maria Q. Feng, Maria Q. Feng, Yoshio Fukuda, Yoshio Fukuda, } "Integration of traffic information in the structural health monitoring of highway bridges", Proc. SPIE 6529, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2007, 65291D (10 April 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.715968; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.715968
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