1 May 2007 Analysis of thermal damage in vocal cords for the prevention of collateral laser treatment effects
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Abstract
The importance of vocal cords for the interaction with the world around is obviously known. Vocal cords disorders can be divided mainly into three categories: difficulty of movement of one or both vocal folds, lesion formation on them, and difficulty or lack of mucosal wave movement. In this last case, a laser heating treatment can be useful in order to improve tissue vibration. However, thermal damage should be considered to adjust laser parameters and so to prevent irreversible harmful effects to the patient. in this work, an analysis of thermal damage in vocal folds is proposed. Firstly thermo-optical laser-tissue interaction is studied, by means of a RTT (Radiation Transfer Theory) model solved with a Monte Carlo approach for the optical propagation of radiation, and a bio-heat equation, with a finite difference numerical method based solution, taking into account blood perfusion and boundary effects, for the thermal distribution. The spatial-temporal temperature distributions are obtained for two widely used lasers, Nd:YAG (1064 nm) and KTP (532 nm). From these data, an Arrhenius thermal damage analysis allows a prediction of possible laser treatment harmful effects on vocal cords that could cause scar formation or tissue burn. Different source powers and exposition times are considered, in such a way that an approximation of adequate wavelength, power and duration is achieved, in order to implement an efficient and safe laser treatment.
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Félix Fanjul Vélez, Félix Fanjul Vélez, José Luis Arce-Diego, José Luis Arce-Diego, Ángela del Barrio Fernández, Ángela del Barrio Fernández, Alfonso Borragán Torre, Alfonso Borragán Torre, } "Analysis of thermal damage in vocal cords for the prevention of collateral laser treatment effects", Proc. SPIE 6535, Saratov Fall Meeting 2006: Optical Technologies in Biophysics and Medicine VIII, 653523 (1 May 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.741077; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.741077
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