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9 April 2007 The influence of crack shapes and geometries on the results of the thermo-inductive crack detection
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For thermo-inductive crack detection, a metallic work-piece is placed in a high frequency magnetic field which induces eddy currents in a very thin layer of the surface. This eddy current heats up the sample and the emitted infrared radiation is viewed by an infrared sensitive camera. An inhomogeneous temperature distribution on the surface corresponds to inhomogeneities and cracks in the material. The main goal of the thermo-inductive crack detection is on the one side to find cracks and on the other side to determine their depths. For this purpose an examination of all parameters affecting the result of the measurements has to be made. In previous publications it has been shown how the thermal quotient Tcrack/Tsurf depends on several parameters (i.e.: time, pulse length, penetration depth of the eddy current and crack depth). All these investigations were made for rectangular shaped cracks. But metallographic cross-sections show that real cracks have different shapes and different angles depending on the circumstances of the origin of the crack. In this paper results of finite element simulations are presented demonstrating what kind of influence the different shapes have to the thermal contrast. It is also shown in which way the crack geometry affects the temperature distribution on the crack near surface. The calculations take into consideration the distribution of the eddy currents around the crack for both magnetic and non-magnetic materials. The simulations are based on coupled modeling of magnetic and thermal phenomena. The calculated results are in very good agreement with the measurements.
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Gernot Wally and Beate Oswald-Tranta "The influence of crack shapes and geometries on the results of the thermo-inductive crack detection", Proc. SPIE 6541, Thermosense XXIX, 654111 (9 April 2007);

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