14 May 2007 Uncooled or minimally cooled 10μm photodetectors with subnanosecond response time
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Abstract
We report fast and sensitive long (10 μm) wavelength photodetectors operating at near room temperature. The devices are based on HgCdTe multilayer heterostructures grown by MOCVD on (211) and (111) GaAs substrates. Device-quality heterostructures are obtained without any post growth anneal. The recent improvements of MOCVD growth were: optimized design of the device architecture to increase speed of response, better IMP growth parameters selection taking into account interdiffusion time changes during growth, stoichiometry control during growth by the layer anneal at metal rich vapors during each IMP cycle, precursor delivery to the growth zone monitored with IR gas analyzer, additional metal-rich vapor anneal at the end of growth and passivation of detector structures with wide gap HgCdTe overgrowth deposition. Monolithic optical immersion of the detectors to GaAs microlenses has been applied in purpose to improve performance and reduce RC time constant. The response time of the devices have been characterized using 10μm quantum cascade laser, fast oscilloscope with suitable transimpedance amplifier as a function of detector design, temperature and bias. Detectivity of the best thermoelectrically cooled optically immersed photodiodes approaches 1⋅1010 cmHz1/2/W at ≈10 μm wavelength. The response time of small area decreases with reverse bias to response achieving <100 ps with weak reverse bias.
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Adam Piotrowski, Adam Piotrowski, Krzysztof Kłos, Krzysztof Kłos, Waldemar Gawron, Waldemar Gawron, Jarek Pawluczyk, Jarek Pawluczyk, Zbigniew Orman, Zbigniew Orman, Józef Piotrowski, Józef Piotrowski, } "Uncooled or minimally cooled 10μm photodetectors with subnanosecond response time", Proc. SPIE 6542, Infrared Technology and Applications XXXIII, 65421B (14 May 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.730230; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.730230
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