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2 May 2007 Bistatic VHF and UHF SAR for urban environments
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Bistatic synthetic aperture radar (SAR) enables new defense as well as environmental applications where the characteristics of the bistatic reflectivity can be exploited. Experimental results obtained with microwave systems have been reported but not much is published using lower frequencies (<1GHz). FOI has been active in this part of the electromagnetic spectrum for many years with the development and operation of two airborne SAR sensors, i.e. CARABAS-II (20-90 MHz) and more recently LORA (200-800 MHz). During 2006 experimental work was initiated to investigate the challenges of implementing a bistatic low frequency SAR system. Various synchronization tests were made in the lab as a preparation for the first bistatic VHF SAR data registrations. An area in the vicinity of Linkoping city was illuminated using CARABAS-II as the airborne transmitter and the LORA radar electronics as a stationary roof-top mounted receiver unit. The latter was reconfigured to be able to handle the frequency interval 20-90 MHz. The approximately 4.1 km by 4.1 km large common radar scene contains urban environments, open areas and forested parts. The CARABAS-II sensor simultaneously registered monostatic SAR data to facilitate the image interpretation by comparisons although the incidence angle on receive differs considerably.
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Johan R. Rasmusson, Martin Blom, Björn Flood, Per-Olov Frölind, Anders Gustavsson, Tommy Jonsson, Björn Larsson, Gunnar Stenström, and Lars M. H. Ulander "Bistatic VHF and UHF SAR for urban environments", Proc. SPIE 6547, Radar Sensor Technology XI, 654705 (2 May 2007);

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