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1 May 2007 Spectral decomposition of ultra-wide-band terahertz imagery
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We investigate the spectral response of a THz imaging system based on ultrawideband cryogenic microbolometers. The bandwidth if this system, nominally 0.2 - 1.8 THz, is broad enough to span large variations (>10 dB) in clothing transmittance and diffraction-limited spatial resolution (factor of x8), factors that are presumably partly responsible for the unusually high quality of the images taken with it. The chief tools we have used for this are a simple THz monochromator based on a specially designed frequency selective surface, and a specially designed blackbody source that provides an accurately known power spectral density over the full bandwidth of the imager. Two completely independent measurements of the microbolometer's spectral response, in the first case using a filtered blackbody and in the second using an ultrabroadband, THz photomixer, referred to a Golay cell, agree within 5%. Evidence of frequency-dependent scattering from ordinary clothing material, distinct from simple linear attenuation, is presented from an idealized laboratory experiment. However, the scattering is relatively weak, and unlikely to have a significant effect in practical THz imaging scenarios, particularly with ultrawide bandwidths.
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E. N. Grossman, C. R. Dietlein, J. Chisum, A. Luukanen, J. E. Bjarnasson, and E. R. Brown "Spectral decomposition of ultra-wide-band terahertz imagery", Proc. SPIE 6548, Passive Millimeter-Wave Imaging Technology X, 654807 (1 May 2007);

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