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1 May 2007 Broadband THz aqueous blackbody calibration source
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We describe a broadband calibration source for the millimeter-wave to terahertz (THz) frequency range, the Aqueous Blackbody Calibration (ABC) source. The blackbody in this design is a body of water, which is extremely absorptive at these frequencies, held by an expanded polystyrene (EPS) holder in a very specific shape, and kept at a uniform known temperature. The undesirable reflectance at the interfaces between the water and the walls of the EPS container is significantly reduced by the use of an "optical trap" geometry. The shape of the custom-molded container is designed so that all radiation incident within the entrance aperture and solid angle of the source undergoes two TE and two TM 45-degree reflections off the water-EPS interface. This ensures an effective emissivity > 98.5% over the operating band, and has been verified by measurements of EPS transmittance and geometric optics simulation over the entire band. In addition, the effective reflectance of the source is characterized at selected frequencies within the 0.1-2.0THz range.
© (2007) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Charles Dietlein, Zoya Popović, and Erich Grossman "Broadband THz aqueous blackbody calibration source", Proc. SPIE 6548, Passive Millimeter-Wave Imaging Technology X, 65480M (1 May 2007);

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