26 April 2007 Multi-classifier buried mine detection using MWIR images
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The fundamental challenges of buried mine detection arise from the fact that the mean spectral signatures of disturbed soil areas that indicate mine presence are nearly always very similar to the signatures of mixed background pixels that naturally occur in heterogeneous scenes composed of various types of soil and vegetation. In our previous work, we demonstrated that MWIR images can be used to effectively detect the buried mines. In this work, we further improve our existing method by fusing multiple buried mine classifiers. For each target chip extracted from the MWIR image, we scan it in three directions: vertical, horizontal, and diagonal to construct three feature vectors. Since each cluster center represents all pixels in its cluster, the feature vector essentially captures the most significant thermal variations of the same target chip in three directions. In order to detect the buried mines using our variable length feature vectors, we have applied Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS) test to discriminate buried mines from background clutters. Since we design one KS-based classifier for each directional scan, for the same target chip, there will be a total of three classifiers associated with vertical, horizontal, and diagonal scans. In our system, these three classifiers are applied to the same target chip, resulting in three independent detection results, which are further fused for the refined detection. Test results using actual MWIR images have shown that our system can effectively detect the buried mines in MWIR images with low false alarm rate.
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Bo Ling, Bo Ling, Anh H. Trang, Anh H. Trang, Chung Phan, Chung Phan, } "Multi-classifier buried mine detection using MWIR images", Proc. SPIE 6553, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets XII, 655310 (26 April 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.720857; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.720857

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