3 May 2007 Space-based direct detection wind mission design
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Abstract
There is an important need for accurate measurements of tropospheric wind altitude profiles. These wind systems have long been recognized as one of the primary unknowns limiting weather forecasting over timescales of several days. Typical measurement architectures have focused primarily on space-based approaches, using a high-powered and highly effective Light Detection and Ranging (lidar) system. This paper discusses architectures for low-altitude space missions. The architectures are analyzed in the context of a weather forecasting system for the Gulf of Mexico region during hurricane season. The architecture studies were developed by collaboration between a class of engineers who are part of the University of Michigan's new Space Engineering program and Michigan Aerospace Corporation, a University of Michigan spin-off company specializing, in part, in lidar systems.
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Thomas H. Zurbuchen, Thomas H. Zurbuchen, Richard Walker, Richard Walker, Charles Richey, Charles Richey, Jane Pavlich, Jane Pavlich, Peter Tchoryk, Peter Tchoryk, "Space-based direct detection wind mission design", Proc. SPIE 6555, Sensors and Systems for Space Applications, 655505 (3 May 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.721798; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.721798
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