27 April 2007 The use of configural displays to promote pilot situation awareness
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Proceedings Volume 6559, Enhanced and Synthetic Vision 2007; 65590H (2007); doi: 10.1117/12.719110
Event: Defense and Security Symposium, 2007, Orlando, Florida, United States
Abstract
Previous research has shown that the use of configural displays allows people to more easily detect changes in dynamic processes for integration tasks thereby enhancing operator performance, yet the benefit of configural displays on operator situation awareness (SA) has yet to be assessed. To test whether or not the use of configural displays impacts the formation of pilot SA, a computer-based study was undertaken using two presentation rates (500ms and 1000ms) and three configural display formats (Mil-Std-1787 HUD, Dual-articulated (DA) HUD, and the Arc Segment Attitude Reference (ASAR)) to present aircraft flight reference information to pilots. One of five questions were possible following the removal of the display from the screen, a query about aircraft airspeed, altitude, flight path angle (climb or dive) or bank angle. The aim of the study was to demonstrate the ability to provide an increase in operator SA by utilizing emergent features in configural displays to increase cue saliency and thereby increase operator SA. The analysis of pilots' recall of aircraft flight path angle (percent correct) showed that pilots were significantly more aware of aircraft attitude with the ASAR than with either the MIL-STD 1787 or DA HUD formats. There was no difference among displays for recall of actual flight path angle (RMS error). The results are discussed in terms of the use of configural displays as a design approach in representing task goals to facilitate operator SA.
© (2007) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Joseph C. Jenkins, Jennie J. Gallimore, "The use of configural displays to promote pilot situation awareness", Proc. SPIE 6559, Enhanced and Synthetic Vision 2007, 65590H (27 April 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.719110; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.719110
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KEYWORDS
Heads up displays

Visualization

Information visualization

Information fusion

Statistical analysis

Associative arrays

Feature extraction

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