2 May 2007 Application of evolutionary algorithms and neural network concepts to the design of low-cost, wideband antenna arrays
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This paper describes the application of biologically-inspired algorithms and concepts to the design of wideband antenna arrays. In particular, we address two specific design problems. The first involves the design of a constrained-feed network for a Rotman-lens beamformer. We implemented two evolutionary optimization (EO) approaches, namely a simple genetic algorithm (SGA) and a competent genetic algorithm. We conducted simulations based on experimental data, which effectively demonstrate that the competent GA outperforms the SGA (i.e., finds a better design solution) as the objective function becomes less specific and more "general." The second design problem involves the implementation of polyomino-shaped subarrays for sidelobe suppression of large, wideband planar arrays. We use a modified screen-saver code to generate random polyomino tilings. A separate code assigns array values to each element of the tiling (i.e., amplitude, phase, time delay, etc.) and computes the corresponding far-field radiation pattern. In order to conduct a statistical analysis of pattern characteristics vs. tiling geometry, we needed a way to measure the "similarity" between two arbitrary tilings to ensure that our sampling of the tiling space was somewhat uniformly distributed. We ultimately borrowed a concept from neural network theory, which we refer to as the "dot-product metric," to effectively categorize tilings based on their degree of similarity.
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Scott G. Santarelli, Scott G. Santarelli, Robert J. Mailloux, Robert J. Mailloux, Tian-Li Yu, Tian-Li Yu, Thomas M. Roberts, Thomas M. Roberts, Michelle H. Champion, Michelle H. Champion, David E. Goldberg, David E. Goldberg, } "Application of evolutionary algorithms and neural network concepts to the design of low-cost, wideband antenna arrays", Proc. SPIE 6563, Evolutionary and Bio-inspired Computation: Theory and Applications, 65630G (2 May 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.724968; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.724968

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