9 April 2007 Genetic program based data mining of fuzzy decision trees and methods of improving convergence and reducing bloat
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A data mining procedure for automatic determination of fuzzy decision tree structure using a genetic program (GP) is discussed. A GP is an algorithm that evolves other algorithms or mathematical expressions. Innovative methods for accelerating convergence of the data mining procedure and reducing bloat are given. In genetic programming, bloat refers to excessive tree growth. It has been observed that the trees in the evolving GP population will grow by a factor of three every 50 generations. When evolving mathematical expressions much of the bloat is due to the expressions not being in algebraically simplest form. So a bloat reduction method based on automated computer algebra has been introduced. The effectiveness of this procedure is discussed. Also, rules based on fuzzy logic have been introduced into the GP to accelerate convergence, reduce bloat and produce a solution more readily understood by the human user. These rules are discussed as well as other techniques for convergence improvement and bloat control. Comparisons between trees created using a genetic program and those constructed solely by interviewing experts are made. A new co-evolutionary method that improves the control logic evolved by the GP by having a genetic algorithm evolve pathological scenarios is discussed. The effect on the control logic is considered. Finally, additional methods that have been used to validate the data mining algorithm are referenced.
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James F. Smith, James F. Smith, Thanh Vu H. Nguyen, Thanh Vu H. Nguyen, } "Genetic program based data mining of fuzzy decision trees and methods of improving convergence and reducing bloat", Proc. SPIE 6570, Data Mining, Intrusion Detection, Information Assurance, and Data Networks Security 2007, 65700A (9 April 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.716973; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.716973

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