25 April 2007 Comparison of thresholding techniques on nanoparticle images
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Thresholding is an image processing procedure used to convert an image consisting of gray level pixels into a black and white binary image. One application of thresholding is particle analysis. Once foreground objects are separated from the background, a quantitative analysis that characterizes the number, size and shape of particles is obtained which can then be used to evaluate a series of nanoparticle samples. Numerous thresholding techniques exist differing primarily in how they deal with variations in noise, illumination and contrast. In this paper, several popular thresholding algorithms are qualitatively and quantitatively evaluated on transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) images. Initially, six thresholding algorithms were investigated: Otsu, Riddler-Calvard, Kittler, Entropy, Tsai and Maximum Likelihood. The Riddler-Calvard algorithm was not included in the quantitative analysis because it did not produce acceptable qualitative results for the images in the series. Two quantitative measures were used to evaluate these algorithms. One is based on comparing object area the other on diameter before and after thresholding. For AFM images the Kittler algorithm yielded the best results followed by the Entropy and Maximum Likelihood techniques. The Tsai algorithm yielded the top results for TEM images followed by the Entropy and Kittler methods.
© (2007) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
J. DaPonte, J. DaPonte, T. Sadowski, T. Sadowski, C. C. Broadbridge, C. C. Broadbridge, D. Day, D. Day, A. Lehman, A. Lehman, D. Krishna, D. Krishna, L. Marinella, L. Marinella, P. Munhutu, P. Munhutu, M. Sawicki, M. Sawicki, "Comparison of thresholding techniques on nanoparticle images", Proc. SPIE 6575, Visual Information Processing XVI, 65750L (25 April 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.714998; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.714998

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