2 May 2007 Steganography anomaly detection using simple one-class classification
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Abstract
There are several security issues tied to multimedia when implementing the various applications in the cellular phone and wireless industry. One primary concern is the potential ease of implementing a steganography system. Traditionally, the only mechanism to embed information into a media file has been with a desktop computer. However, as the cellular phone and wireless industry matures, it becomes much simpler for the same techniques to be performed using a cell phone. In this paper, two methods are compared that classify cell phone images as either an anomaly or clean, where a clean image is one in which no alterations have been made and an anomalous image is one in which information has been hidden within the image. An image in which information has been hidden is known as a stego image. The main concern in detecting steganographic content with machine learning using cell phone images is in training specific embedding procedures to determine if the method has been used to generate a stego image. This leads to a possible flaw in the system when the learned model of stego is faced with a new stego method which doesn't match the existing model. The proposed solution to this problem is to develop systems that detect steganography as anomalies, making the embedding method irrelevant in detection. Two applicable classification methods for solving the anomaly detection of steganographic content problem are single class support vector machines (SVM) and Parzen-window. Empirical comparison of the two approaches shows that Parzen-window outperforms the single class SVM most likely due to the fact that Parzen-window generalizes less.
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Benjamin M. Rodriguez, Benjamin M. Rodriguez, Gilbert L. Peterson, Gilbert L. Peterson, Sos S. Agaian, Sos S. Agaian, } "Steganography anomaly detection using simple one-class classification", Proc. SPIE 6579, Mobile Multimedia/Image Processing for Military and Security Applications 2007, 65790E (2 May 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.717979; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.717979
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