16 May 2007 Measurements and modeling of birefringence in PMMA channel waveguides inscribed with DUV radiation
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Abstract
We studied both experimentally and numerically the spectral behavior of modal birefringence in channel waveguides inscribed in PMMA by DUV illumination. The measurements of birefringence were carried out using spectral interference method for different waveguide widths, respectively 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 μm which were inscribed using 3 J/cm2. We have also modeled the spectral dependence of birefringence related only to waveguide geometry using FEM method. High discrepancy reaching one order of magnitude was observed between measured and calculated birefringence. This is related to the fact that numerical analysis accounts only for so called geometrical birefringence induced by the asymmetry of the waveguide, while in measurements the overall modal birefringence relates to both the geometrical and the material effect. Our measurement results indicate that the contribution of the material birefringence in the analyzed waveguides may reach up to 3×10-4 in a short wavelength range.
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Grzegorz Golojuch, Grzegorz Golojuch, Uwe Hollenbach, Uwe Hollenbach, Timo Mappes, Timo Mappes, Jürgen Mohr, Jürgen Mohr, Adam Urbanczyk, Adam Urbanczyk, Waclaw Urbanczyk, Waclaw Urbanczyk, } "Measurements and modeling of birefringence in PMMA channel waveguides inscribed with DUV radiation", Proc. SPIE 6585, Optical Sensing Technology and Applications, 65851W (16 May 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.722959; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.722959
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