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18 June 2007 Shape and vibration measurement of fast rotating objects employing novel laser Doppler techniques
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This contribution presents novel laser Doppler techniques, which allow simultaneous measurement of radial position and tangential velocity and, thus, determination of the shape of rotating objects with one single sensor. Conventional laser Doppler velocimeters measure only velocities. A concurrent position measurement can be realized by generating two fan-like interference fringe systems with contrary fringe spacing gradients and evaluating the quotient of the two resulting Doppler frequencies. Alternatively, two tilted fringe systems in combination with phase evaluation can be employed. It is shown that the position uncertainty of this sensor is not only independent of the surface roughness but, most notably, that it is in principle independent of the object velocity. Thus, in contrast to conventional distance sensors, the novel laser Doppler position sensor offers high temporal resolution below 3 &mgr;s and high position resolution in the micrometer range simultaneously. The sensor was applied to automatic 3D shape measurements of turning parts and to monitoring rotor unbalance and dynamic deformations. Furthermore, in situ measurements of tip clearance and rotor vibrations at turbo machines for up to 600 m/s blade tip velocity are reported. The results are in excellent agreement with those of triangulation and capacitive probes, respectively.
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Thorsten Pfister, Philipp Günther, Lars Büttner, and Jürgen Czarske "Shape and vibration measurement of fast rotating objects employing novel laser Doppler techniques", Proc. SPIE 6616, Optical Measurement Systems for Industrial Inspection V, 66163S (18 June 2007);

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