5 March 2008 A novel tree structure based watermarking algorithm
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Proceedings Volume 6623, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2007: Image Processing; 66231W (2008) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.791532
Event: International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging: Technology and Applications 2007, 2007, Beijing, China
Abstract
In this paper, we propose a new blind watermarking algorithm for images which is based on tree structure. The algorithm embeds the watermark in wavelet transform domain, and the embedding positions are determined by significant coefficients wavelets tree(SCWT) structure, which has the same idea with the embedded zero-tree wavelet (EZW) compression technique. According to EZW concepts, we obtain coefficients that are related to each other by a tree structure. This relationship among the wavelet coefficients allows our technique to embed more watermark data. If the watermarked image is attacked such that the set of significant coefficients is changed, the tree structure allows the correlation-based watermark detector to recover synchronously. The algorithm also uses a visual adaptive scheme to insert the watermark to minimize watermark perceptibility. In addition to the watermark, a template is inserted into the watermarked image at the same time. The template contains synchronization information, allowing the detector to determine the geometric transformations type applied to the watermarked image. Experimental results show that the proposed watermarking algorithm is robust against most signal processing attacks, such as JPEG compression, median filtering, sharpening and rotating. And it is also an adaptive method which shows a good performance to find the best areas to insert a stronger watermark.
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Qiwei Lin, Qiwei Lin, Gui Feng, Gui Feng, } "A novel tree structure based watermarking algorithm", Proc. SPIE 6623, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2007: Image Processing, 66231W (5 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.791532; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.791532
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