11 July 2007 Spectral unmixing of multi-color tissue specific in vivo fluorescence in mice
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Fluorescence Molecular Tomography (FMT) has emerged as a powerful tool for monitoring biological functions in vivo in small animals. It provides the means to determine volumetric images of fluorescent protein concentration by applying the principles of diffuse optical tomography. Using different probes tagged to different proteins or cells, different biological functions and pathways can be simultaneously imaged in the same subject. In this work we present a spectral unmixing algorithm capable of separating signal from different probes when combined with the tomographic imaging modality. We show results of two-color imaging when the algorithm is applied to separate fluorescence activity originating from phantoms containing two different fluorophores, namely CFSE and SNARF, with well separated emission spectra, as well as Dsred- and GFP-fused cells in F5-b10 transgenic mice in vivo. The same algorithm can furthermore be applied to tissue-specific spectroscopy data. Spectral analysis of a variety of organs from control, DsRed and GFP F5/B10 transgenic mice showed that fluorophore detection by optical systems is highly tissue-dependent. Spectral data collected from different organs can provide useful insight into experimental parameter optimisation (choice of filters, fluorophores, excitation wavelengths) and spectral unmixing can be applied to measure the tissue-dependency, thereby taking into account localized fluorophore efficiency. Summed up, tissue spectral unmixing can be used as criteria in choosing the most appropriate tissue targets as well as fluorescent markers for specific applications.
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Giannis Zacharakis, Rosy Favicchio, Anikitos Garofalakis, Stylianos Psycharakis, Clio Mamalaki, Jorge Ripoll, "Spectral unmixing of multi-color tissue specific in vivo fluorescence in mice", Proc. SPIE 6626, Molecular Imaging, 662609 (11 July 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.728410; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.728410

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