12 July 2007 Intracellular protein mass spectroscopy using mid-infrared laser ionization
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Large-scale analysis of proteins, which can be regarded as functional biomolecule, assumes an important role in the life science. A MALDI using an ultraviolet laser (UV-MALDI) is one of ionization methods without fragmentation and has achieved conformation analysis of proteins. Recently, protein analysis has shifted from conformation analysis to functional and direct one that reserves posttranslational modifications such as the sugar chain addition and phosphorylation. We have proposed a MALDI using a mid-infrared tunable laser (IR-MALDI) as a new ionization method. IR-MALDI is promising because most biomolecules have a specific absorption in mid-infrared range, and IR-MALDI is expected to offer; (1) use of various matrices, (2) use of biomolecules such as water and lipid as the matrix, and (3) super-soft ionization. First, we evaluated the wavelength dependence of ionization of different matrices using a difference frequency generation (DFG) laser, which can tune the wavelength within a range from 5.5 to 10.0 &mgr;m. As results, ionization was specifically occurred at 5.8 &mgr;m which the C=O vibration stretching bond in matrix material and mass spectrum was observed. Next, protein mass spectrum was observed in the culture cells, MIN6, which secrete insulin, without the conventional cell-preparation processes. We demonstrate that the IR-MALDI has an advantage over the conventional method (UV-MALDI) in direct analysis of intracellular proteins.
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K. Awazu, K. Awazu, S. Suzuki, S. Suzuki, } "Intracellular protein mass spectroscopy using mid-infrared laser ionization", Proc. SPIE 6628, Diagnostic Optical Spectroscopy in Biomedicine IV, 662819 (12 July 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.727753; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.727753

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