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13 July 2007 Photodynamic therapy for treatment subretinal neovascularization
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Abstract
This work are devoted our experience with photodynamic therapy (PDT) with <<Photosens>> for patients with choroidal neovascularization (CNV). 18 patients with subfoveal CNV in age-related macular degeneration (AMD), 24 patients with subfoveal CNV in pathological myopia (PM) and 4 patients with subfoveal CNV associated with toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis were observed. CNV was 100% classic in all study patients. Standardized protocol refraction, visual acuity testing, ophthalmologic examinations, biomicroscopy, fluorescein angiography, and ultrasonography were performed before treatment and 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year after treatment; were used to evaluate the results of photodynamic therapy with <<Photosens>> (0.02% solution of mixture sulfonated aluminium phtalocyanine 0.05 mg/kg, intravenously). A diode laser (<<Biospec>>, Inc, Moscow) was used operating in the range of 675 nm. Need for retreatment was based on fluorescein angiographic evidence of leakage at 3-month follow-up intervals. At 3, 6, 9 month 26 (56.5%) patients had significant improvement in the mean visual acuity. At the end of the 12-month minimal fluorescein leakage from choroidal neovascularization was seen in 12 (26.1%) patients and the mean visual acuity was slightly worse than 0.2 which was not statistically significant as compared with the baseline visual acuity. Patients with fluorescein leakage from CNV underwent repeated PDT with <<Photosens>>. 3D-mode ultrasound shown the decreasing thickness of chorioretinal complex in CNV area. Photodynamic therapy with <<Photosens>> can safely reduce the risk of severe vision loss in patients with predominantly classic subfoveal choroidal neovascularization secondary to AMD, PM and toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis.
© (2007) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Sergey E. Avetisov, Maria V. Budzinskaja, Tatyana N. Kiseleva, Natalia V. Balatskaya, Irina V. Gurova, Viktor B. Loschenov, Sergey A. Shevchik, Sergey G. Kuzmin, and Georgy N. Vorozhtsov "Photodynamic therapy for treatment subretinal neovascularization", Proc. SPIE 6632, Therapeutic Laser Applications and Laser-Tissue Interactions III, 663212 (13 July 2007); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.730392
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