17 September 2007 Nonlinear optical properties of free standing films of PbS quantum dots in the nonresonant femtosecond regime
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Devices based on optical technology for high speed communication networks require materials with large nonlinear optical response in the ultrafast regime. Nonlinear optical materials have also attracted wide attention as potential candidates for the protection of optical sensors and eyes while handling lasers. Optical limiters have a constant transmittance at low input influence and a decrease in transmittance at higher fluences and are based on a variety of mechanisms such as nonlinear refraction, nonlinear scattering, multiphoton absorption and free carrier absorption. As we go from bulk to nanosized materials especially in the strong quantum confinement regime where radius of the nanoparticle is less than the bulk exciton Bohr radius, the optical nonlinearity is enhanced due to quantum confinement effect. This paper is on the ultrafast nonresonant nonlinearity in free standing films of PbS quantum dots stabilized in a synthetic glue matrix by a simple chemical route which provides flexibility of processing in a variety of physical forms. Optical absorption spectrum shows significant blue shift from the bulk absorption onset indicating strong quantum confinement. PbS quantumdots of mean size 3.3nm are characterized by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The mechanism of nonlinear absorption giving rise to optical limiting is probed using open z-scan technique with laser pulses of 150 fs pulse duration at 780 nm and the results are presented in the nonresonant femtosecond regime. Irradiance dependence on nonlinear absorption are discussed.
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Pushpa Ann Kurian, Pushpa Ann Kurian, C. Vijayan, C. Vijayan, Amit Nag, Amit Nag, Debabrata Goswami, Debabrata Goswami, } "Nonlinear optical properties of free standing films of PbS quantum dots in the nonresonant femtosecond regime", Proc. SPIE 6639, Nanophotonic Materials IV, 66390M (17 September 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.733034; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.733034

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