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25 September 2007 (Ba,Sr)TiO3-based planar photonic bandgap crystal
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Index-tunable photonic crystals based on ferroelectric materials provide a means for active modulation of optical signals, and hold promises for novel device applications. In this study, (Ba,Sr)TiO3 (BST)-based planar photonic crystals with different cavity geometries were modeled. Photonic crystals with square-shaped air rod geometry, which can be prepared in a straight-forward manner by interference lithography, were compared with photonic crystals having circular air rods. Calculations were performed on square lattice, with either square or circular air rods, by the plane wave expansion method. Simulation results suggested comparable bandstructures and gap maps for square or circular air rod photonic crystal, if (1) the dimension of the air rod was small compared to the electromagnetic wavelengths inside the photonic crystal being considered, or (2) the frequencies of the electromagnetic waves were less than 0.35(2πc/a). A better correlation in bandstructures and gap maps between the square and circular air rod photonic crystals can be achieved, if we compare them by the volume fractions of the photonic crystals in stead of the characteristic lengths of the rods (i.e. diameter of the circular rod and width of the square rod).
© (2007) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
K. L. Jim, D. Y. Wang, C. W. Leung, C. L. Choy, and H. L. W. Chan "(Ba,Sr)TiO3-based planar photonic bandgap crystal", Proc. SPIE 6640, Active Photonic Crystals, 66400P (25 September 2007);

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