Translator Disclaimer
16 October 2007 Spectrally narrowed edge emission from leaky waveguide modes in OLEDs
Author Affiliations +
A dramatic spectral line narrowing of the edge-emission, at room temperature, from tris(quinolinolate) Al (Alq3), N,N'-diphenyl-N,N'-bis(1-naphthylphenyl)-1,1'-biphenyl-4,4'-diamine (NPD), 4,4'-bis(2,2'-diphenyl- vinyl)-1,1'- biphenyl (DPVBi), and some guest-host small molecular OLEDs, fabricated on ITO-coated glass, is described. In all but the DPVBi OLEDs, the narrowed emission band emerges above a threshold thickness of the emitting layer, and narrows down to a full width at half maximum of only 5 - 10 nm. The results demonstrate that this narrowed emission is due to irregular waveguide modes that leak from the ITO to the glass substrate at a grazing angle. While measurements of variable stripe length (l) devices exhibit an apparent weak optical gain, there is no observable threshold current or bias associated with this spectral narrowing. It is suspected that the apparent weak optical gain is due to misalignment of the axis of the waveguided mode and the axis of the collection lens of the probe, but it is not clear if such a misalignment can account for the for the observed evolution of the edge emission spectra with l.
© (2007) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Z. Q. Gan, Y. Tian, D. W. Lynch, Ji-hun Kang, Q-Han Park, and J. Shinar "Spectrally narrowed edge emission from leaky waveguide modes in OLEDs", Proc. SPIE 6655, Organic Light Emitting Materials and Devices XI, 66550K (16 October 2007);

Back to Top