24 September 2007 The calibration of AVHRR visible dual gain using Meteosat-8 for NOAA-16 to 18
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Abstract
The NOAA AVHRR program has given the remote sensing community over 25 years of imager radiances to retrieve global cloud, vegetation, and aerosol properties. This dataset can be used for long-term climate research if the AVHRR instrument is well calibrated. Unfortunately, the AVHRR instrument does not have onboard visible calibration and does degrade over time. Vicarious post-launch calibration is necessary to obtain cloud properties that are not biased over time. The recent AVHRR/3 instrument has a dual gain in the visible channels in order to achieve greater radiance resolution in the clear-sky. This has made vicarious calibration of the AVHRR/3 more difficult to unravel. Reference satellite radiances from well-calibrated instruments, usually equipped with solar diffusers, such as MODIS, have been used to successfully vicariously calibrate other visible instruments. Transfer of calibration from one satellite to another using co-angled, collocated, coincident radiances has been well validated. Terra or Aqua MODIS and AVHRR comparisons can only be performed over the poles during summer. However, geostationary satellites offer a transfer medium that captures both parts of the dual gain. This AVHRR/3 calibration strategy uses Meteosat-8 radiances (calibrated with MODIS) simultaneously to determine the dual gains using 50km regions. The dual gain coefficients will be compared with the nominal coefficients. Results will be shown for all visible channels for NOAA-17.
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David R. Doelling, Donald P. Garber, Lance A. Avey, Louis Nguyen, Patrick Minnis, "The calibration of AVHRR visible dual gain using Meteosat-8 for NOAA-16 to 18", Proc. SPIE 6684, Atmospheric and Environmental Remote Sensing Data Processing and Utilization III: Readiness for GEOSS, 668409 (24 September 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.736080; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.736080
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KEYWORDS
Calibration

MODIS

Satellites

Clouds

Imaging systems

Visible radiation

Image resolution

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