3 October 2007 The first light of a single-stage MEMS x-ray optic
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Abstract
The first light of a ultra-lightweight and low-cost micro-pore X-ray optic utilizing MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical Systems) technologies is reported. Our idea is to use silicon (111) planes appeared after anisotropic wet etching of silicon wafers. As a first step to Wolter type-1 optics, a single-stage optic with a focal length of 750 mm and a diameter of 100 mm was designed for energies below 2 keV. The optic consists of 218 mirror chips for X-ray reflection and an optic mount for packing these chips. Design parameters and required fabrication accuracies were determined with numerical simulations. The fabricated optic satisfied these accuracies and its imaging quality was measured at the ISAS X-ray beam line at Al Kα 1.49 keV. A focused image was successfully obtained. The measured image size of ~4 mm was consistent with the chip sizes. The estimated X-ray reflectivity also could be explained by micro-roughness of less than 3 nm and geometrical occulting effect due to large obstacle structures on the reflection surface.
© (2007) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Masaki Koshiishi, Masaki Koshiishi, Yuichiro Ezoe, Yuichiro Ezoe, Makoto Mita, Makoto Mita, Yoshitomo Maeda, Yoshitomo Maeda, Kazuhisa Mitsuda, Kazuhisa Mitsuda, Masaki Suzuki, Masaki Suzuki, Takeyuki Osawa, Takeyuki Osawa, Akio Hoshino, Akio Hoshino, Yoshitaka Ishisaki, Yoshitaka Ishisaki, Takayuki Takano, Takayuki Takano, Ryutaro Maeda, Ryutaro Maeda, } "The first light of a single-stage MEMS x-ray optic", Proc. SPIE 6688, Optics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy III, 668814 (3 October 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.733912; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.733912
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