17 September 2007 Photoluminescence, FTIR, and laser-Raman spectroscopic studies of PMN-PT containing iron
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Abstract
Lead magnesium niobate-lead titanate, Pb(Mg, Nb)O3-PbTiO3 is a piezoelectric, ferroelectric crystal at room temperature with large electromechanical coefficient. The crystals were grown by PbO-B2O3 flux method. Typically the crystals were colorless and transparent, but a small fraction of them were Brown/reddish colored and show interesting photoluminescence (PL) properties. The PL studies were conducted under XeCl (308nm) excitation and under Argon Ion (Ar+) laser excitation. The excitation with 308nm gave broad PL centered at 500nm and intense emission at 710nm. The emission at 710nm in colorless crystals is very weak. The excitation with Ar+ laser coinciding with electronic absorption in brown samples gave rich and sharp PL particularly with 514.5 nm excitation. The PL with 514.5nm-Ar+ laserexcitation, consisted of intense anti stokes emission in addition to intense red and near infrared emission, is a result of photo-transfer optically stimulated luminescence (PT-OSL). This involved electron-hole recombination at photoinduced magnetic polaron site. The PL emissions and the centers identified are the followings: 718nm emission due to magnetic polaron and 360nm emission due to cooperative emission from two polarons, Fe-R line at 660nm due to Fe3+ coupled to a cation; 380nm and 399nm due to Pb2+ clusters and Nb5+ center; 630 and 860 nm due to 6p→6s transition of Pb3+ and 760nm due to isolated Fe3+ ions. Raman spectrum of brown samples revealed the presence of nano particles/wires of orthorhombic β PbO. The FTIR spectrum gives evidence of significant amount of hydroxyl impurity.
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Sundar R. Bairavarasu, Sundar R. Bairavarasu, Matthew E. Edwards, Matthew E. Edwards, Tatiana Kukhtareva, Tatiana Kukhtareva, Medury D. Sastry, Medury D. Sastry, Dimitrios Lianos, Dimitrios Lianos, Praveena Kommidi, Praveena Kommidi, B. Rami Reddy, B. Rami Reddy, Holger M. Jaenisch, Holger M. Jaenisch, Monmohan D. Aggarwal, Monmohan D. Aggarwal, } "Photoluminescence, FTIR, and laser-Raman spectroscopic studies of PMN-PT containing iron", Proc. SPIE 6698, Photonic Fiber and Crystal Devices: Advances in Materials and Innovations in Device Applications, 669806 (17 September 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.734928; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.734928
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