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20 September 2007 Morphological diversity and sparsity: new insights into multivariate data analysis
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Over the last few years, the development of multi-channel sensors motivated interest in methods for the coherent processing of multivariate data. From blind source separation (BSS) to multi/hyper-spectral data restoration, an extensive work has already been dedicated to multivariate data processing. Previous work has emphasized on the fundamental role played by sparsity and morphological diversity to enhance multichannel signal processing. Morphological diversity has been first introduced in the mono-channel case to deal with contour/texture extraction. The morphological diversity concept states that the data are the linear combination of several so-called morphological components which are sparse in different incoherent representations. In that setting, piecewise smooth features (contours) and oscillating components (textures) are separated based on their morphological differences assuming that contours (respectively textures) are sparse in the Curvelet representation (respectively Local Discrete Cosine representation). In the present paper, we define a multichannel-based framework for sparse multivariate data representation. We introduce an extension of morphological diversity to the multichannel case which boils down to assuming that each multichannel morphological component is diversely sparse spectrally and/or spatially. We propose the Generalized Morphological Component Analysis algorithm (GMCA) which aims at recovering the so-called multichannel morphological components. Hereafter, we apply the GMCA framework to two distinct multivariate inverse problems : blind source separation (BSS) and multichannel data restoration. In the two aforementioned applications, we show that GMCA provides new and essential insights into the use of morphological diversity and sparsity for multivariate data processing. Further details and numerical results in multivariate image and signal processing will be given illustrating the good performance of GMCA in those distinct applications.
© (2007) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
J. Bobin, J. Fadili, Y. Moudden, and J.-L. Starck "Morphological diversity and sparsity: new insights into multivariate data analysis", Proc. SPIE 6701, Wavelets XII, 67011U (20 September 2007);

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