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21 September 2007 Wide-field hard x-ray survey telescope: ProtoEXIST1
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Abstract
We report our progress on the development of pixellated imaging CZT detector arrays for our first-generation balloon-borne wide-field hard X-ray (20 - 600 keV) telescope, ProtoEXIST1. Our ProtoEXIST program is a pathfinder for the High Energy Telescope (HET) on the Energetic X-ray Imaging Survey telescope (EXIST), a proposed implementation of the Black Hole Finder Probe. ProtoEXIST1 consists of four independent coded-aperture telescopes with close-tiled (~0.4 mm gaps) CZT detectors that preserve their 2.5mm pixel pitch. Multiple shielding/field-of-view configurations are planned to identify optimal geometry for the HET in EXIST. The primary technical challenge in ProtoEXIST is the development of large area, close-tiled modules of imaging CZT detectors (1000 cm2 for ProtoEXIST1), with all readout and control systems for the ASIC readout vertically stacked. We describe the overall telescope configuration of ProtoEXIST1 and review the current development status of the CZT detectors, from individual detector crystal units (DCUs) to a full detector module (DM). We have built the first units of each component for the detector plane and have completed a few Rev2 DCUs (2x2 cm2), which are under a series of tests. Bare DCUs (pre-crystal bonding) show high, uniform ASIC yield (~70%) and ~30% reduction in electronics noise compared to the Rev1 equivalent. A Rev1 DCU already achieved ~1.2% FWHM at 662 keV, and preliminary analysis of the initial radiation tests on a Rev2 DCU shows ~ 4 keV FWHM at 60 keV (vs. 4.7 keV for Rev1). We therefore expect about ≤1% FWHM at 662 keV with the Rev2 detectors.
© (2007) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
J. Hong, J. E. Grindlay, N. Chammas, B. Allen, A. Copete, B. Said, M. Burke, J. Howell, T. Gauron, R. G. Baker, S. D. Barthelmy, S. Sheikh, N. Gehrels, W. R. Cook, J. A. Burnham, F. A. Harrison, J. Collins, S. Labov, A. Garson III, and H. Krawczynski "Wide-field hard x-ray survey telescope: ProtoEXIST1", Proc. SPIE 6706, Hard X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Detector Physics IX, 67060B (21 September 2007); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.736110
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