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28 September 2007 Numerical analysis of hybrid adaptive optics system for correcting beacon anisoplanatism and thermal blooming
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Abstract
A concept of a Hybrid Wavefront-based Stochastic Parallel Gradient Decent (WSPGD) Adaptive Optics (AO) system for correcting the combined effects of Beacon Anisoplanatism and Thermal Blooming is introduced. This system integrates a conventional phase conjugate (PC) AO system with a WSPGD AO system. It uses on-axis wavefront measurements of a laser return from an extended beacon to generate initial deformable mirror (DM) commands. Since high frequency phase components are removed from the wavefront of a laser return by a low-pass filter effect of an extended beacon, the system also uses off-axis wavefront measurements to provide feedback for a multi-dithering beam control algorithm in order to generate additional DM commands that account for those missing high frequency phase components. Performance of the Hybrid WSPGD AO system was evaluated in simulation using a wave optics code. Numerical analysis was performed for two tactical scenarios that included ranges of L = 2 km and L = 20 km, ratio of aperture diameter to Fried parameter, D/r0, of up to 15, ratio of beam spot size at the target to isoplanatic angle, θB0, of up to 40, and general distortion number characterizing the strength of Thermal Blooming, Nd = 50, 75, and 100. A line-of-sight in the corrected beam was stabilized using a target-plane tracker. The simulation results reveal that the Hybrid WSPGD AO system can efficiently correct the effects of Beacon Anisoplanatism and Thermal Blooming, providing improved compensation of Thermal Blooming in the presence of strong turbulence. Simulation results also indicate that the Hybrid WSPGD AO system outperforms a conventional PC AO system, increasing the Strehl ratio by up to 300% in less than 50 iterations. A follow-on laboratory demonstration performed under a separate program confirmed our theoretical predictions.
© (2007) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Mikhail S. Belen'kii, Vincent Rye, and Hope Runyeon "Numerical analysis of hybrid adaptive optics system for correcting beacon anisoplanatism and thermal blooming", Proc. SPIE 6711, Advanced Wavefront Control: Methods, Devices, and Applications V, 67110G (28 September 2007); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.735721
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