16 January 2008 Downstream intensification effects associated with CO2 laser mitigation of fused silica
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Abstract
Mitigation of 351nm laser-induced damage sites on fused silica exit surfaces by selective CO2 treatment has been shown to effectively arrest the exponential growth responsible for limiting the lifetime of optics in high-fluence laser systems. However, the perturbation to the optical surface profile following the mitigation process introduces phase contrast to the beam, causing some amount of downstream intensification with the potential to damage downstream optics. Control of the laser treatment process and measurement of the associated phase modulation is essential to preventing downstream 'fratricide' in damage-mitigated optical systems. In this work we present measurements of the surface morphology, intensification patterns and damage associated with various CO2 mitigation treatments on fused silica surfaces. Specifically, two components of intensification pattern, one on-axis and another off-axis can lead to damage of downstream optics and are related to rims around the ablation pit left from the mitigation process. It is shown that control of the rim structure around the edge of typical mitigation sites is crucial in preventing damage to downstream optics.
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Manyalibo J. Matthews, Isaac L. Bass, Gabriel M. Guss, Clay C. Widmayer, Frank L. Ravizza, "Downstream intensification effects associated with CO2 laser mitigation of fused silica", Proc. SPIE 6720, Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2007, 67200A (16 January 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.752948; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.752948
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