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21 November 2007 High accuracy measurements of objects with multiple reflective surfaces with wavelength shifting interferometry
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Proceedings Volume 6723, 3rd International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Optical Test and Measurement Technology and Equipment; 67230F (2007) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.782882
Event: 3rd International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Large Mirrors and Telescopes, 2007, Chengdu, China
Abstract
A conventional phase shifting interferometer is capable of measuring opaque surfaces with sub-nanometer precision. However, it cannot be used to measure an object with multiple parallel reflective surfaces such as a transparent plate, a glass disk, or an Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography (EUVL) mask blank. This is because the plane parallel reflective surfaces generate multiple interferograms that are superimposed in the recording plane of the interferometer. Although every individual interferogram is associated with phase information that is related to the height or thickness, the conventional interferometer is not able to differentiate one surface from another. To measure these surfaces, we have developed a method that integrates a Fizeau interferometer with a tunable light source and a weighted least-square technique. The tunable light source controls the wavelength during the data acquisition process, producing phase shift speeds that are proportional to the optical path difference (OPD). The weighted least-square signal processing technique separates each surface from the others in an optimal manner. Thus the desired information, such as the front surface height, back surface height, and relative optical thickness of a plane-parallel transparent glass plate are extracted without multi-surface fringe print-through artifacts. In this paper we will present the method and demonstrate its performance. The demonstrated surface height accuracy for EUVL mask blank substrates is 5 nm and the RMS repeatability is <0.01 nm.
© (2007) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Shouhong Tang, Richard E. Bills, and Klaus Freischlad "High accuracy measurements of objects with multiple reflective surfaces with wavelength shifting interferometry", Proc. SPIE 6723, 3rd International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Optical Test and Measurement Technology and Equipment, 67230F (21 November 2007); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.782882
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