9 July 2007 EMF measurements across the front of combustion wave during layer by layer surface laser sintering of exothermal powder compositions
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Abstract
Rapid prototyping (RP) and manufacturing (M) is a novel layer-by-layer fabrication technique which has become increasingly popular due to its inherent flexibility for the manufacture of simple and complex 3D parts. Early we had been shown opportunity of selective laser sintering (SLS) of different type powder systems (intermetallics, ceramics, ferrites, high-temperature superconductors), traditional use for self-propagated high-temperature synthesis (SHS). The non-thermal heating affect of an external electromagnetic field during SHS is related to the specific system under study due to differences in movement of defects and ions at the 'plasma-like' molten combustion wave front. We have developed and refined the testing scheme for electro-thermal phenomena studies which can directly influence on the SHS combustion wave front. This work studies electromotive force (EMF) measurements across the front of combustion wave during layer by layer surface laser sintering of exothermal powder compositions (Ni-Ti, Ni-Al). Analysis using an analog-digital-analog computer converter allowed some control of the laser movement and hence some control of the exothermal reaction - in so doing it provided near optimum conditions for forming layered 3D articles. Comparative results of structural-phase transformation during laser control SHS in reaction-capable compositions are presented.
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I. V. Shishkovskiy, V. Sherbakov, Yu. Morozov, "EMF measurements across the front of combustion wave during layer by layer surface laser sintering of exothermal powder compositions", Proc. SPIE 6727, ICONO 2007: Nonlinear Laser Spectroscopy and High-Precision Measurements; and Fundamentals of Laser Chemistry and Biophotonics, 67272M (9 July 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.752495; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.752495
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