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30 October 2007 Design for CD correction strategy using a resist shrink method via UV irradiation for defect-free photomask
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As the specification for photomask becomes tighter, it is strongly demanded for achieving precise CD MTT (critical dimension mean to target) and enhanced defect controllability in photomask fabrication. First of all, it is necessary that reducing the factors of CD MTT error and introducing the reliable method to correct CD error for accurate CD requirement of attenuated PSM (phase shift mask). From this point of view, one of CD correction methods which consist of Cr CD measurement step after resist strip (strip inspection CD: SI CD) and additional corrective Cr dry etch step was developed. Previous SI CD correction process resulted in accurate CD control within the range of CD MTT. However it was not appropriate for defect control due to additional resist processes for selective protection of Cr pattern during CD correction process. In this study, the method for achieving precise CD MTT by correcting CD error without any resist process is investigated. It is not suitable for the CD correction process to control CD MTT precisely that Cr etched resist (etch inspection CD: EI CD) is very vulnerable to E-beam scanning during CD measurement. Otherwise, photoresist after Cr etch selectively shrinks via UV irradiation under ozone (O3) condition, which drives a reduction of CD MTT error as a result of accurate CD measurement (UV-irradiation inspection CD: UI CD). Moreover, it is not necessary any resist process for Cr protection due to UV irradiated resist as enough for a etch barrier. It is a strong advantage of novel CD correction method. This strategy solves the problems such as both CD measurement error on the EI CD correction method and defects originated from resist process on the SI CD correction method at once. For the successful incorporation of UI CD correction method, several items related with CD should be evaluated: accuracy and repeatability of CD measurement under UI CD, control of CD MTT and CD uniformity, additional corrective etch bias for UI CD, independence of corrective Cr etch process from UV irradiated resist, isolated-dense CD difference,.. etc. In this paper, strategy of design for the progressive CD correction method for defect-free photomask and process details will be discussed.
© (2007) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jin Ho Ryu, Dong Wook Lee, Ho Yong Jung, Sang Pyo Kim, and Oscar Han "Design for CD correction strategy using a resist shrink method via UV irradiation for defect-free photomask", Proc. SPIE 6730, Photomask Technology 2007, 67300K (30 October 2007);


Dry etching of Cr layer and its loading effect
Proceedings of SPIE (September 05 2001)
Actual use of phase-shift mask
Proceedings of SPIE (December 08 1995)

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