25 October 2007 Wafer inspection as alternative approach to mask defect qualification
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Abstract
Defect inspection is one of the major challenges in the manufacturing process of photomasks. The absence of any printing defect on patterned mask is an ultimate requirement for the mask shop, and an increasing effort is spent in order to detect and subsequently eliminate these defects. Current DUV inspection tools use wavelengths five times or more larger than the critical defect size on advanced photomasks. This makes the inspectability of high-end mask patterns (including strong OPC and small SRAF's) and sufficient defect sensitivity a real challenge. The paper evaluates the feasibility of inspecting the printed wafer as an alternative way for the high-sensitivity defect inspection of photomasks. Defects originating in the mask can efficiently be filtered as repeated defects in the various dies on wafer. Using a programmed-defect mask of 65-nm technology, a reliable detection of the printing defects was achieved with an optimized inspection process. These defects could successfully be traced back to the photomask in a semi-automated process in order to enable a following repair step. This study shows that wafer inspection is able to provide a full defect qualification of advanced photomasks with the specific advantage of assessing the actual printability of arbitrary defects.
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Christian Holfeld, Christian Holfeld, Frank Katzwinkel, Frank Katzwinkel, Uwe Seifert, Uwe Seifert, Andreas Mothes, Andreas Mothes, Jan Hendrik Peters, Jan Hendrik Peters, "Wafer inspection as alternative approach to mask defect qualification", Proc. SPIE 6730, Photomask Technology 2007, 673023 (25 October 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.746398; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.746398
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