As part of mass transportation systems, commercial aircraft are a potential target for terrorists because they represent one
of the best achievements of our society. As a result, an attack would have a large psychological impact on people and
economic activity. Several European Commission-funded Research and Technology programs, such as SAFEE and
PALMA, are dedicated to technologies and systems that will be implemented onboard aircraft in the near future to
increase the security of commercial flights. One of these programs, CASAM, is focusing on a potential solution to
reduce aircraft vulnerability against Man Portable Air Defense Systems (MANPADS) during takeoff, ascent and landing.
A specific onboard jamming system will be developed, meeting stringent yet competitive requirements that deal with
high reliability, low cost and minimal installation constraints.
The overall objective of the CASAM Project1 is to design and validate a closed-loop, laser-based DIRCM (Directed IR
Countermeasure) module for jamming fired missiles. It will comply with commercial air transportation constraints,
including the normal air traffic control rules. For example, the following aspects will be considered:
- Environmental friendliness for ground objects and inhabitants close to airports, aircraft safety (maintenance,
handling and usage) and high efficiency against the recognized threats;
- Upgradability for further and future disseminated threats
- Adherence to commercial operation budgets and processes