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30 October 2007 Assessment of quality parameters for a new-generation hyperspectral imager
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Abstract
This work focuses on an assessment of quality parameters characterizing a hyperspectral image collected by a new-generation high-resolution sensor named Hyper-SIMGA, which is a spectrometer operating in the push-broom configuration. By resorting to Shannon's information theory, the concept of quality is related to the information conveyed to a user by the hyperspectral data, which can be objectively defined from both the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and the mutual information between the unknown noise-free digitized signal and the corresponding noise-affected observed digital samples. The estimation of the mutual information has been exploited by resorting to a lossless data compression of the dataset. In fact, the bit-rate achieved by the reversible compression process is a suitable approximation of the decorrelated data entropy, which takes into account both the contribution of the "observation" noise, i.e. information regarded as statistical uncertainty, whose relevance is null to a user, and the intrinsic information of hypothetically noise-free samples. Noise estimation can be obtained once a suitable parametric model of the noise, assumed to be possibly non-Gaussian, has been preliminarily determined. Noise amplitude has been assessed by means of two independent estimators relying on two automatic procedures based on a scatterplot method and a bit-plane algorithm. Noise autocorrelation has been taken into account on the three allowed directions of the available data-volume. Results are reported and discussed employing a hyperspectral image (768 spectral bands) recorded by the new Hyper-SIMGA imaging spectrometer.
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Bruno Aiazzi, Luciano Alparone, Alessandro Barducci, Stefano Baronti, Donatella Guzzi, Paolo Marcoionni, Ivan Pippi, and Massimo Selva "Assessment of quality parameters for a new-generation hyperspectral imager", Proc. SPIE 6748, Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XIII, 67480Q (30 October 2007); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.739486
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