17 October 2007 A laser sounder for measuring atmospheric trace gases from space
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Abstract
Mounting concern regarding global warming and the increasing carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration has stimulated interest in the feasibility of measuring CO2 mixing ratios from space. Precise satellite observations with adequate spatial and temporal resolution would substantially increase our knowledge of the atmospheric CO2distribution and allow improved modeling of the CO2 cycle. Current estimates indicate that a measurement precision of better than 1 part per million (1 ppm) will be needed in order to improve estimates of carbon uptake by land and ocean reservoirs. A 1-ppm CO2 measurement corresponds to approximately 1 in 380 or 0.26% long-term measurement precision. This requirement imposes stringent long-term precision (stability) requirements on the instrument In this paper we discuss methods and techniques to achieve the 1-ppm precision for a space-borne lidar.
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Haris Riris, Haris Riris, James Abshire, James Abshire, Graham Allan, Graham Allan, John Burris, John Burris, Jeffrey Chen, Jeffrey Chen, Stephen Kawa, Stephen Kawa, Jian-Ping Mao, Jian-Ping Mao, Michael Krainak, Michael Krainak, Mark Stephen, Mark Stephen, Xiaoli Sun, Xiaoli Sun, Emily Wilson, Emily Wilson, } "A laser sounder for measuring atmospheric trace gases from space", Proc. SPIE 6750, Lidar Technologies, Techniques, and Measurements for Atmospheric Remote Sensing III, 67500U (17 October 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.737607; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.737607
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