The history of editing National Atlases in the world was summarized at first, and follows with China's achievements in
editing of the 1st and 2nd version of The National Atlases of China (NAC), which reflected, in multiple levels, China's
development of science and technology, society and economy, resources and environment, etc. from 1950s to 1980s. From
the previous edition of NAC, systematic theories and methods were summarized and concluded, including
comprehensive and statistical mapping theory, designing principle of electronic atlases, and new method the technologies
involved in NAC. Then, the New Century Edition of NAC is designed, including its orientation, technological system,
volume arrangement, and key scientific and technological problems to be resolved.