10 September 2007 The influence of bit pattern effects on clock recovery in phase shift keyed fiber-optic transmission systems
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Abstract
Sophisticated modulation formats like phase shift keying (PSK) as discussed for high-speed fiber-optic transmission systems operating at 40 Gbit/s and beyond, cause new challenges for clock recovery. Whereas conventional return-to-zero on-off keyed (RZ-OOK) modulated signals provide proper clock tones which can be used to recover the clock signal, the additional phase modulation (RZ-PSK) changes the spectral composition of the signal and weakens or suppresses the clock tones. This effect is bit pattern dependent as can be seen from a simple example: If all the pulses in an RZ-PSK signal are in phase, the result is equivalent to an ordinary RZ on-off-keying (OOK) signal with a strong carrier and clock tones. If the pulses in a sequence oscillate in phase by &pgr;, the result is equivalent to the well-known carrier-suppressed return-to-zero signal (CS-RZ) where the carrier is suppressed and where clock tones are differently spaced compared to RZ-OOK. In this paper we present results of the simulation of the different cases taking into account realistic bit sequences and analyze the results with special emphasis on the influence the effect has on clock recovery.
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Earl Parsons, Qing Wang, Seppo Honkanen, Tuomo von Lerber, Franko Kueppers, "The influence of bit pattern effects on clock recovery in phase shift keyed fiber-optic transmission systems", Proc. SPIE 6774, Optical Transmission Systems and Equipment for Networking VI, 67740K (10 September 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.732471; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.732471
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