28 January 2008 Noise estimation from a single image taken by specific digital camera using a priori information
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It is important to estimate the noise of digital image quantitatively and efficiently for many applications such as noise removal, compression, feature extraction, pattern recognition, and also image quality assessment. For these applications, it is necessary to estimate the noise accurately from a single image. Ce et al proposed a method to use a Bayesian MAP for the estimation of noise. In this method, the noise level function (NLF) which is standard deviation of intensity of image was estimated from the input image itself. Many NLFs were generated by using computer simulation to construct a priori information for Bayesian MAP. This a priori information was effective for the accurate noise estimation but not enough for practical applications since the a priori information didn't reflect the variable characteristics of the individual camera depending on the exposure and shutter speed. In this paper, therefore, we propose a new method to construct a priori information for specific camera in order to improve accuracy of noise estimation. To construct a priori information of noise, the NLFs were measured and calculated from the images captured under various conditions. We compared the accuracy of noise estimation between proposed method and Ce's model. The results showed that our model improved the accuracy of noise estimation.
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Hitomi Ito, Kenji Kamimura, Norimichi Tsumura, Toshiya Nakaguchi, Hideto Motomura, and Yoichi Miyake "Noise estimation from a single image taken by specific digital camera using a priori information", Proc. SPIE 6808, Image Quality and System Performance V, 68080D (28 January 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.766941; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.766941

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