1 March 2008 Measurement of annual ring width of log ends in forest machinery
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Abstract
The quality of wood is of increasing importance in wood industry. One important quality aspect is the average annual ring width and its standard deviation that is related to the wood strength and stiffness. We present a camera based measurement system for annual ring measurements. The camera system is designed for outdoor use in forest harvesters. Several challenges arise, such as the quality of cutting process, camera positioning and the light variations. In the freshly cut surface of log end the annual rings are somewhat unclear due to small splinters and saw marks. In the harvester the optical axis of camera cannot be set orthogonally to the log end causing non-constant resolution of the image. The amount of natural light in forest varies from total winter darkness to midsummer brightness. In our approach the image is first geometrically transformed to orthogonal geometry. The annual ring width is measured with two-dimensional power spectra. The two-dimensional power spectra combined with the transformation provide a robust method for estimating the mean and the standard deviation of annual ring width. With laser lighting the variability due to natural lighting can be minimized.
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Kalle Marjanen, Kalle Marjanen, Petteri Ojala, Petteri Ojala, Heimo Ihalainen, Heimo Ihalainen, } "Measurement of annual ring width of log ends in forest machinery", Proc. SPIE 6812, Image Processing: Algorithms and Systems VI, 68120D (1 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.766464; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.766464
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