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4 January 2008 Mechanism of CO2 laser cutting nonmetallic materials based on wall focusing effects
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Abstract
A three-dimensional energy coupling model for evaporative laser cutting nonmetallic material is established through theoretical analysis and the reflective transmission and energy absorption of laser against real bended cutting front and both two walls are analyzed. The front and wall's energy absorption is mainly determined by the first three incident beams, that is two reflections. The multiple reflections from the front will increase the power intensity of the bottom and the multiple reflections from the wall will increase the power intensity from the center to the bottom. Due to the multiple reflections, the power intensity distributes over the total front. Due to the cutting speed, the laser axis moves toward the front. The differences of absorptive power intensity among the three polarizations light are much smaller than those of metal. Both two walls will have waveguide effects on the incident light which will mutual reflect against both walls and transmit toward the bottom of the cut, which is so-called "wall focusing effects".
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Xiao-zhu Xie, Li-jun Li, Xin Wei, and Wei Hu "Mechanism of CO2 laser cutting nonmetallic materials based on wall focusing effects", Proc. SPIE 6825, Lasers in Material Processing and Manufacturing III, 682508 (4 January 2008); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.758655
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