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1 February 2008 Ceramics reinforced metal base composite coatings produced by CO2 laser cladding
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Due to the excellent performance in high strength, anti-temperature and anti-wear, ceramics reinforced metal base composite material was used in some important fields of aircraft, aerospace, automobile and defense. The traditional bulk metal base composite materials are the expensive cost, which is limited in its industrial application. Development of laser coating of ceramics reinforced metal base composite is very interesting in economy. This paper is focused on three laser cladding ceramics coatings of SiC particle /Al matrix , Al2O3 powder/ Al matrix and WC + Co/mild steel matrix. Powder particle sizes are of 10-60μm. Chemical contents of aluminum matrix are of 3.8-4.0% Cu, 1.2-1.8% Mg, 0.3-0.99% Mn and balance Al. 5KW CO2 laser, 5 axes CNC table, JKF-6 type powder feeder and co-axis feeder nozzle are used in laser cladding. Microstructure and performance of laser composite coatings have been respectively examined with OM,SEM and X-ray diffraction. Its results are as follows : Microstructures of 3C-,6H- and 5H- SiC particles + Al + Al4SiC4 + Si in SiC/Al composite, hexagonal α-Al2O3 + cubic γ-Al2O3 + f.c.c Al in Al2O3 powder/ Al composite and original WC particles + separated WC particles + eutectic WC + γ-Co solid solution + W2C particles in WC + Co/steel coatings are respectively recognized. New microstructures of 5H-SiC in SiC/Al composite, cubic γ-Al2O3 in Al2O3 composite and W2C in WC + Co/ steel composite by laser cladding have been respectively observed.
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Xichen Yang, Yu Wang, and Nan Yang "Ceramics reinforced metal base composite coatings produced by CO2 laser cladding", Proc. SPIE 6825, Lasers in Material Processing and Manufacturing III, 68250D (1 February 2008);

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