15 January 2008 Limits on the maximum attainable efficiency for solid-state lighting
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Abstract
Artificial lighting for general illumination purposes accounts for over 8% of global primary energy consumption. However, the traditional lighting technologies in use today, i.e., incandescent, fluorescent, and high-intensity discharge lamps, are not very efficient, with less than about 25% of the input power being converted to useful light. Solid-state lighting is a rapidly evolving, emerging technology whose efficiency of conversion of electricity to visible white light is likely to approach 50% within the next years. This efficiency is significantly higher than that of traditional lighting technologies, with the potential to enable a marked reduction in the rate of world energy consumption. There is no fundamental physical reason why efficiencies well beyond 50% could not be achieved, which could enable even greater world energy savings. The maximum achievable luminous efficacy for a solid-state lighting source depends on many different physical parameters, for example the color rendering quality that is required, the architecture employed to produce the component light colors that are mixed to produce white, and the efficiency of light sources producing each color component. In this article, we discuss in some detail several approaches to solid-state lighting and the maximum luminous efficacy that could be attained, given various constraints such as those listed above.
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Michael E. Coltrin, Michael E. Coltrin, Jeffrey Y. Tsao, Jeffrey Y. Tsao, Yoshi Ohno, Yoshi Ohno, } "Limits on the maximum attainable efficiency for solid-state lighting", Proc. SPIE 6841, Solid State Lighting and Solar Energy Technologies, 684102 (15 January 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.758767; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.758767
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