6 February 2008 Determination of glucose concentration in tissue-like material using spatially resolved steady-state diffuse reflectance spectroscopy
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Abstract
An important parameter in medical diagnostic and one of the most frequently determined analyte in the hospitals is blood glucose. Fast and accurate methods of measuring blood glucose concentrations could therefore be significant. We will in this paper investigate the feasibility of using a spatially resolved steady-state diffuse reflectance spectroscopy in the wavelength region 1000-1700nm, where glucose has two absorption peaks at around 1250nm and 1600nm, to quickly determine the concentration of glucose in tissue-like material. This method could later be transferred to estimate the amount of glucose in blood both in vivo e.g. the forearm and in vitro e.g. on blood samples. The novel spatially resolved system that is used for this study is based around a 2D InGaAs detector and a fibre probe with 10 fibres, one as a source and 9 to collect the diffuse reflected light at distances between 0.3-2.7mm from the source. An inversion method using Monte Carlo generated diffuse reflectance profiles is used to estimate the absolute absorption coefficient (μa) and reduced scattering coefficient (μs') which could be used to estimate the glucose concentration in the tissue-like phantoms. The method was investigated by performing spatially resolved measurements on turbid gelatin phantoms containing mixtures of water and D2O as absorbers, Intralipid as a scatterer and glucose. The phantoms were made with four different glucose concentrations spanning the range of 0-5000 mg/dl.
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Pär Hjalmarsson, Suresh N. Thennadil, "Determination of glucose concentration in tissue-like material using spatially resolved steady-state diffuse reflectance spectroscopy", Proc. SPIE 6855, Complex Dynamics and Fluctuations in Biomedical Photonics V, 685508 (6 February 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.762279; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.762279
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