6 February 2008 Formation of antireflective structure on the surface of optical glass by molding
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Formation of a surface having a periodic subwavelength structure (SWS) is a well-known technique for reducing the Fresnel reflection of transmissive optical elements. We fabricated an anti-reflective structured (ARS) surface with a twodimensional periodic structure with the period of 300 nm on an optical glass by a precision molding process using a silica glass mold coated with a thin carbon film. The surface structure was formed on the mold using reactive ion etching (RIE) with fluorocarbon plasma. A thin chromium film was patterned using electron beam lithography and a wet etching process. The anti-reflective surface was formed on a phosphate glass with a deformation point of 412°C and a refractive index of 1.60 at a wavelength of 462 nm. The phosphate glass was molded at 420°C for 510 s under a pressure of 5 MPa. The height of the periodic structure on the mold was 550 nm and the height of that on the formed glass was 480 nm. Therefore, the filling rate of the phosphate glass to the mold was 87%. The surface reflectance of the glass was estimated as 0.56% at a wavelength of 462 nm, which was approximately 1/10 that of the optically polished surface.
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Kazuhiro Yamada, Kazuhiro Yamada, Makoto Umetani, Makoto Umetani, Takamasa Tamura, Takamasa Tamura, Yasuhiro Tanaka, Yasuhiro Tanaka, Junji Nishii, Junji Nishii, } "Formation of antireflective structure on the surface of optical glass by molding", Proc. SPIE 6883, Advanced Fabrication Technologies for Micro/Nano Optics and Photonics, 688303 (6 February 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.762408; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.762408

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