14 February 2008 Four-wave mixing spectroscopy of ultraviolet excitons in strained GaN
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We perform degenerate four-wave-mixing (FWM) studies of GaN excitons especially for an understanding of the strain-fields in the heteroepitaxial films. The shifts of exciton energies and their beating oscillation variations highlight the biaxial strain, allowing for a precise determination of the strain parameters. The uniaxial strain field can be characterized by the polarization dependence of FWM, which shows distinct polarizations and energy variations depending on the sample and its position. The minimum changes of the polarized FWM intensity and exchange energy splittings correspond to a uniaxial strain of 5.0 × 10-5, which currently gives a lower resolution limit of this technique and is comparable with that of conventional X-ray diffraction. In the time-evolutions, we investigate the strain effects on the phase of the quantum beats (QBs), giving insight into the excitons interactions. By using time-resolved FWM, difference between two-types of exciton transitions is identified. In addition, coherent manipulations of QBs are successfully realized in the FWM with a Michelson interferometer.
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T. Ishiguro, T. Ishiguro, Y. Toda, Y. Toda, S. Adachi, S. Adachi, S. F. Chichibu, S. F. Chichibu, } "Four-wave mixing spectroscopy of ultraviolet excitons in strained GaN", Proc. SPIE 6892, Ultrafast Phenomena in Semiconductors and Nanostructure Materials XII, 689219 (14 February 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.762839; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.762839

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