1 February 2008 Mid-infrared vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers based on lead salt/BaF2 Bragg mirrors
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Abstract
We demonstrate mid-infrared continuous-wave vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers based on Bragg mirrors using IV-VI semiconductors and BaF2. This material combination exhibits a high ratio between the refractive indices of up to 3.5, leading to a broad mirror stop band with a relative width of 75 %. Thus, mirror reflectivities higher than 99.7 % are gained for only three layer pairs. Optical excitation of microcavity laser structures with a PbSe active region results in stimulated emission at various cavity modes between 7.3 μm and 5.9 μm at temperatures between 54 K and 135 K. Laser emission is evidenced by a strong line width narrowing with respect to the line width of the cavity mode and a clear laser threshold at a pump power of 130 mW at 95 K. Furthermore, we study a similar microcavity but without an active region. The resonance of such an empty microcavity has a narrow line width of 5.2 nm corresponding to a very high finesse of 750, in good agreement to transfer matrix simulations and to the expected mirror reflectivities.
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Martin Eibelhuber, Thomas Schwarzl, Andreas Winter, Harald Pascher, Wolfgang Heiss, Gunther Springholz, "Mid-infrared vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers based on lead salt/BaF2 Bragg mirrors", Proc. SPIE 6900, Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices V, 69000E (1 February 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.783927; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.783927
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